Sex for sale in Spain - DW Documentary
Prostitution in Bulgaria is neither fully criminalised nor decriminalised. Prostitutes live in an uneasy limbo, vulnerable to abuse. Nevena Borisova had the chance to meet some of Bulgaria's sex workers and hear their stories. Magda and Natalia smoke cigarettes sitting languidly on bare mattresses. But Magda has decided to trust me and let me into her home. The lodgings - a mid-sized room with a hall - is located in a central area of the Bulgarian capital of Sofia and can hardly be called cozy. In each one of the many pictures she is posing with a different man.
As of Decemberthe convention has been ratified by all states of the Council of Europe, except Armenia and Ireland, which have signed but not yet ratified the convention.
Different jurisdictions express these definitions differently. Some, like most Australian states, may say the age of consent is 16 except if the older partner is in a position of authority over the younger one. So, effectively, the unrestricted age of consent there is Others, like Argentina, may say the age of consent is 18, but an exception is made down to 13 years of age, if the older partner is not in a position of authority over the younger one.
The data below reflects what each jurisdiction's legislation actually means, rather than what it states on the surface. Sincethe age of consent in Albania is 14regardless of gender and sexual orientation. The age of consent in Andorra is 14as specified by Article of the penal code, which reads: 1 " Whoever carries out a sexual act with a person younger than fourteen years As specified by Articles an it is illegal - regardless of age - for a person occupying a position of authority or superiority over a person to engage in sexual activity with them, or when it involves the abuse of trust or situation of need or dependence.
The penalty is more severe when the subject is below the age of Sexual intercourse or other sexual acts with a person obviously under 16, by a person who reached 18 years of age, in the absence of elements of crime envisaged in Articlesor of this Code, is punished with correctional labor for the term of up to 2 years, or with imprisonment for the term of up to 2 years.
The general age of consent in Austria is 14as specified by Section  of the penal code.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in Bulgaria may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in Bulgaria, but same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex couples. Discrimination on the basis of sexual Discrimination protections: Protections in all areas . Sex in Bulgaria. The Balkan nation of Bulgaria has a population of million people most of whom belong to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. Attitudes towards sex are strongly traditional in many areas with tolerance for diversity being low; in other areas, however, they are seen as quite liberal. Feb 21, Prostitution in Bulgaria is neither fully criminalised nor decriminalised. Prostitutes live in an uneasy limbo, vulnerable to abuse. Nevena Borisova had the chance to meet some of Bulgaria's sex workers and hear their storiesAuthor: Nevena Borisova.
Paragraph 4 of Section defines a close-in-age exception of maximum three years. HoweverSection b  of the penal code contains an exception to the general age of consent: if one of the partners is younger than 16 years of age and "not sufficiently mature to understand the significance of the act", then the act is punishable. The offence "initiating sexual contacts with minors under 14 through the use of computer system" is punishable by two years' imprisonment Section a Penal Code.
The Austrian Criminal Code previously specified 18 as the age of consent for male homosexual sex in which the other partner was agedwhile no equivalent provision existed for heterosexual sexual conduct; this was Section of the Criminal Code.
In Novemberan amendment was put before the Austrian Parliament to remove Section ; but the vote ended in a draw, and the amendment failed to pass. In Julya similar amendment was put forward; it was voted down by the conservative majority.
Section came into force when homosexuality between males became legal in The Section was later repealed on 14 August Sexual intercourse with the person below the age of 16 years, as well as the same offences linked with satisfaction of sexual passion in perverted forms shall be punished by imprisonment up to 3 years.
Netherlands: Minimum Age for Prostitutes - European Journal
The age of consent in Belarus is 16as specified by Articles an which read: " Sexual relations, sodomy, lesbian acts or other actions of sexual character of an adult, reached eighteen years of age, with a person who obviously has not reached sixteen years of age, at absence of attributes of the crimes stipulated by articles and present codes, are punished by restriction of freedom of two years to four years or by imprisonment of two years to five years.
A close in age exemption allows minors aged 14 and 15 to have sex with partners less than 5 years older. The Belgian Criminal Code previously specified an age of consent of 18 for homosexual sex. This provision - Article bis - was added in and repealed in Sexual activity with children younger than 14 is illegal under Articlewhich prohibits sexual acts with a "child", and a "child" is defined in Article 2 8 as a person under However, Article mentions a "juvenile" who is defined in Article 2 9 as a person under 18, although it is not clear if this article refers only to sexual acts performed in view of a minor under 18 or if it can be used also to punish sexual acts performed with the minor: .
The age of consent in Bulgaria is 14as specified by Articles and 1.
Ages of consent in Europe
However, Article 2 has a provision for those who are over 14 and do "not understand the characteristics or the importance of the act":. The age of consent for all sexual conduct in Croatia under the new Criminal Code in force since 1 January is 15regardless of sexual orientation or gender, regulated by Article Before the yearthe legal age of consent in Croatia was Age of consent was equalised in The age of consent for all sexual conduct in Cyprus under the Criminal Code is 17regardless of sexual orientation or gender.
Untilhomosexual acts between men were entirely forbidden under Section Inthe Court held that the prohibition of homosexual acts was a violation of Article 8. In Januarythe Cypriot Government introduced a Bill in the Cypriot Parliament that would have abolished the ban. The European Commission repeated its warning that Cyprus must follow the Court's ruling.
In Mayagain a government measure to repeal the ban failed because of the strength of the opposition. In Aprilthe Council of Europe set a deadline for compliance of 29 May and on 21 Maythe House of Representatives voted 36 to 8 in favour legalising homosexual acts. However it was set at 18 while heterosexual acts remained at Inunder pressure from the EU  the parliament finally ended the disparate provisions and changed the age of consent to 17 for both heterosexual and homosexual acts, under the revised Criminal Code.
For both of these Sovereign Base Areas British military enclaves on the island of Cyprus, the age of consent is The age of sexual consent in the Czech Republic is This also covers cases when there is any kind of trust or dependence, for example, teacher-student, employer-employee, etc.
The Austrian Penal Code was replaced in Czechoslovakia in Around an the lowering of the limits of criminal responsibility as well as sexual restriction? Both changes were criticized. Untilhomosexual sexual intercourse was illegal in Czechoslovakia. Between adults, payment receipt or provision and public nuisance?
The age of consent in the Kingdom of Denmark is 15 as specified by Section . In determining the penalty, it shall be an aggravating circumstance if the perpetrator has gained intercourse by exploiting his physical or mental superiority. Sectionpart 1, reads: "Any person who has sexual intercourse with any child under 18, who is said person's adopted child, stepchild or foster child, or who is entrusted to said person for education or upbringing, will be liable to imprisonment for any term not exceeding four years.
The laws in the Faroe Islands and Greenland are equivalent although regulated in separate penal codes for these autonomous countries. Male homosexual acts were legalised in Denmark lesbianism was never illegal with an age of consent set at 18, after a major reform of the Penal Code in ; At the same time, the age of consent for heterosexual acts was raised from 12 to Inthe age of consent was harmonized at 15 for all acts [ citation needed ].
Sex with a child under the age of 12 results in double punishment, and sex with a minor under 18 is illegal for a person in charge of this child.
Until"acts against nature" [anal intercourse] were punishable with the stakes. However, until the late 18th century the rule was never used, and, when it came into rule, the convicts were always pardoned to 7 years in jail. InDenmark became the first country to legalise pictorial pornography but this did not affect laws related to the age of people participating in its production.
Consequently, the legal age of consent 15 equaled the limit for pornography produced within the country, but material produced in other countries where the Danish consent law does not apply was not covered and therefore legal.
Section defines rape as "Sexual intercourse with a person against his or her will by using force or taking advantage of a situation in which the person is not capable of initiating resistance or comprehending the situation""  ; and Section reads:. When regaining independence from USSR inthe age of consent for male homosexual intercourse was set at 16, whereas the age for heterosexual intercourse was The age of consent was harmonized in when Estonia adopted its first Penal Code after restoring its independence, specifying an age of 14 for sexual intercourse.
The age of consent in Finland is 16as specified by Section 6 1 Sexual abuse of a chil which reads: "A person who has sexual intercourse with a child younger than sixteen years of age The sexual act may not be punishable if "there is no great difference in the ages or the mental and physical maturity of the persons involved".
The age is 18 when in connection with a person who has some formal power over the young person, like a school teacher. Untilhomosexual acts were prohibited. After decriminalisation, the age of consent was set to 18 for homosexual acts and 16 for heterosexual acts.
The age of consent is therefore Article prohibits the "organisation by an adult of meetings involving indecent exposure or sexual relations knowing that minors are present or participating". Minors refers to under 18s; the text of the article can be subject to interpretation. Article prohibits the "soliciting of a minor under the age of fifteen, or a person pretending to be such minor, for sexual purposes through the use of a computer system". Male homosexual acts were illegal untilwhen the ancient sodomy laws were dropped from the Criminal Code of that year.
This continued to be the case under the Napoleonic Code of The age of consent was set at 11 in and at 13 in Inthe age of consent for homosexual acts was set at 21, while for heterosexual acts it was still The latter was increased to 15 in Inthe age for homosexual acts was lowered to Init was lowered to 15, in line with that for heterosexual acts. The age of consent in Germany is 14as long as a person over the age of 21 does not exploit a to year-old person's lack of capacity for sexual self-determination, in which case a conviction of an individual over the age of 21 requires a complaint from the younger individual; being over 21 and engaging in sexual relations with a minor of that age does not constitute an offense by itself.
Otherwise the age of consent is 16, although provisions protecting minors against abuse apply until the age of 18 under Section 1 : it is illegal to engage in sexual activity with a person under 18 "by taking advantage of an exploitative situation" . This is specified by Sections Sexual abuse of children and Sexual abuse of youths of the Penal Code, which read:. The current rules for age of consent in Germany were set following a post-reunification penal law reform in In West Germany the latter rule was kept, with minor changes in Unblemishedness was no longer required, and the court could refrain from punishment if the offender was under 21 years of age.
The German Democratic Republicby contrast, created a new socialist criminal code in Female homosexuality was not prosecuted.
In West Germany, male homosexuality was legalized in The age of consent was set to 21 years and reduced to 18 years in Only men of 18 or older could be offenders and courts could refrain from punishment if the offender was not yet In East Germany, the criminal code was supplemented in by a provision that allowed the waiving of prosecution if no harm had been done to socialist society by the unlawful act.
In the GDR supreme court ruled homosexuality was a variant of sexual behaviour just as heterosexuality. West German lawmakers also saw the need for gender- and sexual-orientation-neutrality, and for rebalancing sexual self-determination with the protection of minors. In general, the need for a complaint from the former West German law was kept, but in the case of special public interest, the offence was made prosecutable ex officio, as had been the case in East German law.
The age of consent in Greece is The general provision for age of consent in Greece is 15 as specified by Articleas well as ArticlesB of the Greek Penal Code.
Bulgaria sex laws
Inalong with the legalization of same-sex civil unionsArticle which provided a further prohibition of seducing a male under 17 if the actor is a male adult was repeale therefore equalising age of consent for homosexual acts. There are also several other prohibitions regarding positions of authority and sexual acts, as specified by Articles and Furthermore, there is a close-in-age exemption of 3 years age difference for sexual acts between persons younger than The age of consent in Hungary is A close-in-age exemption allows sexual acts from age 12 if the older party is under The new criminal code in force since 1 July reads: "The person who has completed eighteenth year has sexual intercourse with a person who has not yet completed their fourteenth year, commits a felony and shall be punishable with imprisonment from one year to five years".
Until homosexual acts were illegal. After decriminalisation the age of consent for homosexual acts was 20 and remained so until From then until the age of consent for such acts was 18, as specified by Section In the Hungarian Constitutional Court repealed Section and the age of consent for homosexual acts was lowered to 14 in line with heterosexual acts. The age of consent in Iceland is 15as specified by Section of the Icelandic Penal Code, which reads: "Anyone who has carnal intercourse or other sexual intimacy with a child younger than 15 years shall be subject to imprisonment for at least 1 year and up to 15 years.
The age of consent was raised from 14 to 15 in The age of consent in Ireland is 17 in relation to vaginal or anal sex, and vaginal or anal penetration. In the case of offenses with children aged 15 and 16, the relevant statute, Sexual act with child under 17 years of ageprovides that "8 Where, in proceedings for an offence under this section against a child who at the time of the alleged commission of the offence had attained the age of 15 years but was under the age of 17 years, it shall be a defence that the child consented to the sexual act of which the offence consisted where the defendant- a is younger or less than 2 years older than the child, b was not, at the time of the alleged commission of the offence, a person in authority in respect of the child, and c was not, at the time of the alleged commission of the offence, in a relationship with the child that was intimidatory or exploitative of the child.
Anal sex was illegal under the Offences against the Person Actwhile the Criminal Law Amendment Act criminalised "Defilement of girl between thirteen and sixteen years of age", with more severe penalties for "Defilement of girl under thirteen years of age".
The Carrigan Report into child sex abuse and underage prostitution recommended raising the age of consent to 18 years. The Criminal Law Sexual Offences Act decriminalised male homosexual acts and created offences of " Buggery of persons under 17 years of age" and " Gross indecency with males under 17 years of age". It advised that close-in-age cases should remain criminalised, but with more lenient guidelines for sentencing.
It also recommended wider publicity of the age limits. The age of consent in Italy is 14 years, with a close-in-age exception that allows those aged 13 to engage in sexual activity with partners who are under the age of 18, provided that the age gap between them is less than 3 years. The age of consent rises to 16 if one of the participants has some kind of influence on the other e. Not knowing that the victim is underage is not a legal defense, except when it was unavoidable ignorance. If the minor involved is under the age of 11, the crime can be punished even without a complaint and the punishment is aggravated.
It is also illegal to perform sexual acts in the presence of a minor aged less than 14 with the intent of allowing the minor to witness the acts, even if they do not take an active part.
See also more related articles from Interpol. The age of consent in Kazakhstan is 16according to article of the Crime Criminal Code. Article Sexual Intercourse and Other Actions of a Sexual Character with a Person Under Sixteen Years of Age Sexual intercourse, sodomy, or lesbianism or other acts of sexual nature, with a person who did not reach sixteen years of age, the guilty party being aware of that fact, shall be punished by restriction of freedom for a period up to three years, or by detention under arrest for a period up to six months, or deprivation of freedom for a period up to five years.
The age of consent in Kosovo is Article of the Penal Penalty Code states that "Term 'Consent' means the voluntary agreement of a person who has reached the age of sixteen years to engage in the sexual act in question", and Article states that, 1.
Whoever subjects another person to a sexual act without such person's consent shall be punished by imprisonment of two 2 to ten 10 years". The main legislation is specified by the Latvian Criminal Law, Section Acts of a sexual nature with a Person who has not Attained the Age of Sixteen Yearswhich translated reads: "Committing a sexual, anal or oral act or another unnatural sexual act of gratification, or other acts of a sexual nature committed in physical contact with the victim's body, if it was done with a person who has not attained the age of sixteen years and if such offence has been committed by a person who has attained the age of majority, is punished by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, or short-term imprisonment, or community service, or a fine and probationary supervision for a period of up to five years.
Sections and provide harsher penalties for rape and forcible sexual assault of juveniles. Untilmale homosexual acts were illegal under Section This provision was repealed by the Latvian Parliament in and the age of consent for male homosexual acts was set at Inthe Latvian Parliament adopted a new Criminal Code that contained a complex system of sexual offences: the age of consent for all sexual acts other than vaginal intercourse was 14; for vaginal intercourse it was 16 with a close-in-age exemption that allowed 14 and 15 year olds to have sex with a person under Inthe law was amended to clarify the situation and confirm that the age of consent was 16 for all acts only a person aged 18 or older can be punished for having sex with a year old.
The age of consent in Liechtenstein is Sexual activity with year olds is generally legal, but it can still be punished if sexual access to these children has been obtained by exploiting their lack of sexual self-determination. The age of consent in Lithuania is 16as specified by the Lithuanian Criminal Code The age of consent 14 was not set directly in this article of the Lithuanian criminal code, though.
Sex tourism in Sunny Beach, Bulgaria. If we talk about sex tourism most people assume that we are talking about a country like Thailand where sex tourism heavily occurs. Nevertheless sex tourism also occurs in the South of Europe in a country such as Bulgaria. Bulgaria, especially Sunny Beach which is situated at the Black Sea and offers a long. Local laws and customs The Bulgarian authorities treat all drug-related and sex offences very seriously. You can find local information on LGBT issues in Bulgaria on the website of the. Results for: bulgaria hidden cam massage Hidden Cam shows a horny couple having a hot sex quickie in a public toilet. M 6min - p. Couple outside hidden cam. M 38sec - p. oil massage turns to wild fuck. M min - p. Hidden cam records how to fuck schoolgirl. k min - p.
It has been established by the Lithuanian case law. This meant that both heterosexual and homosexual acts were allowed once a child had reached the age of 14 [ citation needed ]. Untilmale homosexual acts were prohibited under the Lithuanian Criminal Code, Articlewhich was repealed in that year.
The new law set an age of consent of 17 for male oral and anal intercourse, 16 for other male homosexual acts, and 14 for lesbian and heterosexual acts. Inthe law was amended to equalise the age of consent at 14 for all sexual acts; the age of consent was raised to 16 inregardless of gender and sexual orientation.
The age of consent in Luxembourg is 16as specified by the Luxembourgish Penal Code, Articlewhich reads: "All indecent assaults on modesty committed without violence or threat, by a person or by aiding the person, of a child of either sex, aged less than sixteen, will be punished by imprisonment of one to five years. The penalty will be imprisonment of five to ten years if the child was less than eleven years old.
The age of consent in Malta is Art of Chapter 9 of the Laws of Malta Presumption of violence in cases of carnal knowledge and indecent assault states:. The punishment is imprisonment from three to nine years, with or without solitary confinement, as described in Art. The punishment can be increased in certain cases described in Art. A number of aggravating circumstances exist to this blanket provision including: Abuse of parental authority or tutorship, where the victim is under the age of 12 and if the offence is committed by means of threats or deceit.
There is no definition of how old the offender must be: Even another minor can be guilty of this crime,  although there is no evidence that any such case has ever been prosecuted. The interpretation of the law is situational and at the discretion of the prosecution and the courts, based on relevant factors that may be taken into account to decide whether the minor was actually "defiled". For example, in two brothers, aged 19 and 20, were found not guilty of defiling a girl, then aged 16 until the age of consent was Their sexual encounters were consensual, and it was clear that the girl had had several previous sexual adventures with several youths.
He had set up a situation in which the boy came to his apartment; as a result of both childish curiosity and what the court deemed to be the guile of the adult man, the boy remained in the apartment even while man first showered and then committed the lewd acts. In the wording of the law there is no discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
However, discrimination can result from selective enforcement with regard to individual cases. Marriage is allowed as early as the age of 16, which until May theoretically would have allowed a case to arise in which a spouse press charges under this article. In practice, this problem has never arisen. The concept of age-banding employed in for example Canada is not present in the Maltese legal system and sexual activity between one partner who is 15 years old and another who is 16 years old can constitute defilement of minors, depending on the circumstances, with no exception being allowed purely on the basis of the proximity of their ages.
The primary objective of the Act is to transpose the Council of Europe Convention on prevention and combating of violence against women and domestic violence, and it also includes amendments that lowered the age of consent to The age of consent in Moldova is 16per Article "Sexual intercourse with a person under 16", and Article "Perverted Actions".
Articles and provide harsher penalties for Rape and Violent Sexual Actions including physical or mental coercion against juveniles. The age of consent in Monaco is The age of consent in Montenegro is 14as set out in Article of the Criminal Code.
Watch Bulgaria Sensual Massage porn videos for free, here on lizajdyer.com Discover the growing collection of high quality Most Relevant XXX movies and clips. No other sex tube is more popular and features more Bulgaria Sensual Massage scenes than Pornhub! Browse through our impressive selection of porn videos in HD quality on any device you own. The laws can also stipulate the specific activities that are permitted or differentially specify the age at which a given sex can participate. Below is a discussion of the various laws dealing with this subject. Bulgaria. The age of consent in Bulgaria is 14, as specified by Articles and (1). However, Article (2) has a provision. rows This map shows the female legal age of consent for heterosexual sex in different countries .
Article makes it illegal for a teacher, instructor, guardian, adoptive parent, stepfather, stepmother or other person with a similar position to abuse one's position or authority in order to perform sexual intercourse or an equal act with a minor under 18 entrusted for teaching, education, custody and care. Article 2 makes it illegal for a person to "provide for performing debauchery, an act equal to it or some other sexual act to a minor".
Article prohibits "Extramarital community with a minor" Article reads: 1 An adult person who lives in an extramarital community with a minor, shall be punished by an imprisonment sentence of three months to three years. The age of consent in the Netherlands is 16as specified by the Dutch Criminal Code:. This would definitely be an interesting thing to research, also like the motivations for people to go to the strip clubs and brothels. The trend you are describing is really disturbing, moreover local authorities in Bulgaria and Sunny Beach neglect their responsabilities to control the problem, because prostitution is not legal in Bulgaria.
Doing what they have to do and namely close down the illegal brothels will result in drop down in visitors number. To answer the other question - if child prostitution is a problem in Bulgaria - I would say no; at least not as big as in Thailand.
To be more precise I will explain. Most of the underaged prostitutes are from the Romany minority in Bulgaria and for them is absolutely normal to get married with years old and to have sex and children at that age.
With this argument I do not to justify this phenomenon, I just try to explain, why it is not considered that bad as in Thailand. Might be the discussion is not about sex and tourism, rather is about why people act differently when they are on vacation.
Or might be the answer is not as simple as that and like the author of this essay is saying more research is needed, but then the case will not be about tourism, it will be about human psyche. It was interesting to read your article and the added comments. I think what is missing in the article - in the beginning briefly to clarify what sex tourism is. Is it type of tourism when sex is the main purpose of travel intentional choiceor when it is unplanned, only as a part of the trip that makes the holiday more interesting, adventurous.
The target group what you describe more belongs to the latter description what I could not define as a sex tourism. In the mean time, it can be an interesting research subject to find out how important it is for young adults to have a sexual experience during their holiday, at the end it can be described as a tourism product. Thanks for you reply, this is definitely an explanation about the difference of sex tourism in Thailand and in Bulgaria. I agree with you that I should have explained more specific what I meant with sex tourism in this case.
But I still think it is a kind of sex tourism because the people on their holiday are going to the brothels and strip clubs planned and unplanned and some of them are having sex with the employees of the brothels and strip clubs also plannned and unplannend. An interesting thing to research would be if it is the main purpose on their holiday like you mentioned and what is their motivation for doing it. Hi Michella, not much to add to the above. Relevant topic that can be explored from many different sides and has been reviewed also in many articles, so you might want to look into those as well as the phenomenon is complex and not simple to take a position.
Stay at home
Because it is not legal, the tourism policy is not based on income from sex tourism. However, it may happen in everywhere in the world, like mentioned in Ibiza, Mallorca etc. Teenage people are always behave different, more unresponsibly than at home when they are on holiday. Even i experienced in Turkey in bars,Scandinavian young girls dance on the bar with their underwears or sometimes naked. I think this is not the behaviour they act at home. But also this is not a sex tourism either.
Still, I think to some extent it is true. But if it is happening that means there is a search for such entertainment and the market offers it. I am not saying it is good or bad. For example prostitution in Netherlands and Germany is legal and there are certain place where one can go.
The bad thing is that there are no rules. The resot should be divided into silent parts and noisy parts. Bulgaria can offer also a lot of other attractions - excursions to historical sights and natural phenomena in the country there are plenty of them and to the city of Istanbul which is not far from Sunny beach.
Hate crimes against LGBT people are not uncommon in Bulgaria, and are often ignored and go uninvestigated by authorities. Ina year-old student was brutally killed in a park in Sofia because he was perceived to be gay. During the investigation, a man testified that the two suspects were part of a group intending to "cleanse" the park of gays.
When a person undergoes sex reassignment surgerythey can change their passport, driver's license, personal identity document, birth certificate and uniform civil number to match their new sex. One cannot undergo sex reassignment surgery unless going to court and receiving a positive court decision. Other requirements include being at least 18 years of age and undergoing sterilization. Inhowever, three transgender women were allowed to change gender without undergoing surgery. After the Constitutional Court 's verdict on the Istanbul Conventionin which the court condemned attempts to introduce legislation for legal gender recognition, a transgender woman's application to change gender was rejected by a regional court.
Intersex persons in Bulgaria are even more marginalized and invisible in society than the transgender community. There is no data of the number of intersex babies born in the country. The parents are rarely informed of the damages this could later cause to the child's gender identity. Bulgaria's Protection Against Discrimination Act of protects individuals from discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation in relation to recruitment to the military.
Gay and bisexual men are not explicitly banned from donating blood in Bulgaria, but many medical professionals, especially outside of Sofiawill not allow them to if informed about their sexual orientation. However, the blood donor application form, required prior to any blood donation, does not ask the applicant to disclose that information, rather requires them to confirm that they did not partake in practices sexual included that increase the risk of HIV or other STIs. The consent form is detailed in an ordinance issued by Bulgaria's Ministry of Healthcare on 19 July According to a survey in by Skala, a sociological agency, According to a survey, conducted in 15 schools throughout Sofia, Varna and Plovdiv The survey also showed that Bulgarians were more tolerant toward lesbians than gay men.
Most of gay life in Bulgaria is primarily set in Sofia. There are gay establishments in PlovdivVarna and Blagoevgrad. Outside of the big cities, the subject is a taboo and rarely welcomed or admitted to be relevant or real. As this is still a highly controversial subject in Bulgaria, accurate data cannot be obtained due to the unwillingness of some or most persons who identify as LGBT to freely affirm themselves as such out of fear of public persecution, scrutiny or harassment.
In Decemberbillboards promoting tolerance towards same-sex couples, put up in various Bulgarian cities such as Varna and Bourgaswere vandalised. The only pride parade to take place so far in Bulgaria is Sofia Pride. The first parade took place in and drew about participants, who were attacked with petrol bombsrocks and glass bottles. More than 60 hooligans were arrested.
Inthe parade was attended by more than 3, participants and was supported by 18 diplomatic missions. The pride week also included a film program and an art festival. It was supported by 25 diplomats and representatives of international organizations and foundations. The Bulgarian Orthodox Church strongly opposes freedom of assembly for LGBT people and any form of manifestation like pride parades, calling them a "sinful demonstration" and the "sin of sodomy ".
However, inonly the Greens and Bulgarian Left sent statements of support to the parade. In Novemberthe District Council of Pazardzhik voted in favor of an amendment, forbidding the "public demonstration of sexual or any other orientation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. LGBT rights in Bulgaria.
Main article: Recognition of same-sex unions in Bulgaria. LGBT portal Bulgaria portal.
Retrieved 26 July August 30, Retrieved 23 August National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. Retrieved 14 July